Tuesday, November 27, 2012

1863: "Patriotic Ode Sung in Charleston, South Carolina, on the 4th of July, 1828"

Patriotic Ode Sung in Charleston, South Carolina, on the 4th of July, 1828.
Source: Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Honolulu: July 2, 1863.

The following patriotic ode was written for and sung at the celebration of American Independence, in the City of Charleston, South Carolina, in 1828, and is now re-produced from a memory of 30 years.

Tune- Bruce's Address.

Hail! our country's natal morn,
Hail! our spreading kindred born,
Hail! our banner not yet torn,
Waving o'er the free.
While this day in festal throng
Millions swell the patriot's song,
Shall not we thy notes prolong?
Hallowed jubilee!

Who would sever freedom's shrine?
Who would draw the invidious line?
Though one spot by birth be mine,
Dear is all the rest.
Dear to me the South's fair land,
Dear the central mountain band,
Dear New England's rocky strand,
Dear the prairied West.

By our altars pure and free,
By our laws' deep rooted tree,
By the past's dead memory,
By our Washington;
By our common parent tongue,
By our hopes, bright, buoyant, young-
By the ties of country, strong-
We will still be one.

Fathers! have ye bled in vain?
Ages! shall we drop again?
Make ___ we rashly stain
_____ngs sent by thee?
_____ receive our solemn vow-
_____ before Thy throne we bow-
_____ to maintain as now,
Union! Liberty?

1863: Columbia, Queen of the Land

Columbia, Queen of the Land.
by George A. Elliot.
Source: Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Honolulu: July 2, 1863.

America! Home of the free,
To the star of thy liberties bright
Turn the eyes of the millions who flee
For a rescue from tyranny's night!
Though thy magical name and ensign unfurled
May enkindle some envy with joy in the world,
Yet the orbs of thy Union shall glow through all time
While the nations of earth own their splendor sublime!

O, Columbia's banner, the flag of the free,
Shall be honored for aye, o'er the land and the sea!

Columbia's Queen of the Land!
From the heart of the nation, her throne,
She proclaims this benignant command:
"Let the will of my people be known!
They are free from the scourge of oppression's fell rod;
They are free evermore in the worship of God!
And the ensign that beams o'er the land of my birth
Shall a welcome fling out for the bond of the earth!"

O, Columbia's banner, the flag of the free,
Shall be honored for aye, o'er the land and the sea!

America! Home of the free!
'Tis thy dear starry emblem that holds
The enchantment that binds us to thee-
All our fortunes to thine-in its folds!
On the wretch who its lustre or glory would pall
Shall the furious vengeance of patriots fall!
Yes, thy flag shall be sacred wherever unfurled,
And shall awe every traitor and foe in the world!

O, Columbia's banner, the flag of the free,
Shall be honored for aye, o'er the land and the sea!

1926: "History Will Be Repeated July Fifth"

History Will Be Repeated July Fifth (1926)
Source: Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Honolulu: July 3, 1926.

Periods in America and Hawaii will be Symbolized.
Thirty-four Floats in Three Divisions to Participate

Thirty-four floats, symbolizing different periods in American and Hawaiian history, will form a part of the Fourth of July pageant and parade in Honolulu Monday morning, July 5.

The line of march will be from Thomas square along Beretania street to the Capitol grounds, leaving Thomas Square at 9:30 a.m., and passing the reviewing stand at Iolani palace at 10 a.m.

Each float will keep a distance of 25 feet from the float ahead of it. There will be three divisions of this feature, 12 representing the period from 1776 to 1826, 11 from 1826 to 1876, and 11 from 1876 to 1926. 

War veterans and members of patriotic organizations will assemble on King street Waikiki of Victoria street, with the head of the column at Victoria street, including Legionnaires, women of the auxiliary, G.A.R. men, and Spanish war soldiers. 

That unit of the parade will be known as the veterans' and patriotic section. Veterans desiring transportation should telephone Samuel Wilder King, chairman of the committee in charge, by noon today. 

Space is being allotted in the parade for all organizations that have signified intentions to participate, according to King. 

The entries, and the subjects symbolized, together with the organizations presenting them are:

"Spirit of '76," Pennsylvania Society.
"Signing of the Declaration of Independence," Sojourners club, Mr. Fleming, chairman.
"Liberty Bell," United States navy.
"Betsy Ross," Aloha Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, Mrs. N.M. Benyas, chairman.
"Evolution of the American Flag," Girl Scouts, Mrs. David Oleson, chairman.
"Benjamin Franklin at the Court of Louis XVI," St. Louis College, Brother August, chairman.
"The First Law of Kamehameha," Order of Kamehameha, John C. Lane, chairman.
"Louisiana Purchase," Columbus Welfare, Mrs. Swan, chairman.

"Breaking of the Tabu," Daughters of Hawaii, Mrs. Charles Chillingsworth, chairman.
"Magellan's Discovery of the Pacific Ocean," Minerva club, Dr. L.R. Gasper, and Jose C. Sousa, chairmen.
"Daniel Boone," Punahou school, Mrs. E.A. Ross, chairman.
"Court of Queen Kaahumanu," Kaahumanu Society, Mrs. Alfred Smythe, chairman.
"Presentation of the First American Treaty" Daughters and Sons of Hawaiian Warriors, Mrs. A.P. Taylor, chairman.
"War with Mexico," Y.M.C.A., Scott Brainard, chairman.
"Reception of Commodore Perry at the Court of Japan," Japanese Society of Hawaii., K. Yamamoto, chairman.
"Covered Wagon," United States army.
"Civil War," American Legion auxiliary, Unit No. 1, Mrs. Harry Cooper, chairman.
"Emancipation of the Slaves," Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Harry Murray, chairman.

"Five Chinese Nations Welcoming America," Chinese Community of Honolulu, W.C. Lee, chairman.
"Chinese Industry in American Railroad Development," Hawaiian Chinese Civic association, Dr. Dai Yen Chang, chairman.
"China Expressing Friendship for America, Chinese Community of Honolulu, W.C. Lee, chairman. 
"Flags Famous in American History," Boy Scouts, Sam Robley, chairman.
"Five Islands of Hawaii, Hui Manawa Lea, Mrs. Hoapili, chairman.
"Rough Riders of '98," Schofield Unit, American Legion auxiliary, Mrs. C.W. Weeks, chairman.
"Liberty Welcoming the Immigrants," Pan-Pacific Union, C.W. Kurokawa, chairman.
"From Sail to Wing," United States navy air base, Comdr. M.B. McComb, chairman.

"American Soldier of 1918," Honolulu Post, American Legion, W.A. Anderson, chairman.
"Overseas Events of the World War," Kamehameha Schools, Mrs. W.B. Caldwell, chairman.
"World War Activities," American Red Cross, Mrs. Harry L. Dawson, chairman.
"Hut with Doughnuts," Salvation Army, Mr. Tamner, chairman.
"Melting Pot of the Pacific," Kewalo Athletic association, Mrs. John H. Wilson, chairman.
"Influence of America on Korean Home Life," Korean National association, Mr. Choy, chairman.
"Rehabilitation," Hale O Na Alii O Hawaii, Princess Kawananakoa, chairman.
"Spirit of 1926," Y.W.C.A., Mrs. Arthur Withington, chairman.

Firms, individuals and organizations pledging tracks on which the floats can be built are the Honolulu Furniture company, Honolulu Construction and Drawing company, City Mill, Honolulu Construction company, Honolulu Planing Mill, United States Army, Lewers & Cooke, Schuman Carriage company, American Factors, Honolulu Dairyman's association, United States Navy, City Transfer, St. Louis College, Chester Clark, T,H. Davies & Co., von Hamm Young Company, and Allen & Robinson.

On Monday afternoon, there will be an old fashioned Fourth of July celebration at the Squattersville playground under the direction of "Mother" Waldron. Monday evening, the tableaux and pageant will conclude the day's festivities with a spectacular program at Iolani palace. 

All merchants in Honolulu have been requested to decorate their buildings today with flags and bunting. Tomorrow morning, patriotic exercises will be observed in the city's churches, and tomorrow afternoon at 3 o'clock there will be a massed band concert at Kapiolani park, beginning at 3 o'clock. 


Thursday, November 22, 2012

1876: Centennial Musings

Centennial Musings (1876)
Source: Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Honolulu: November 4, 1876.

[On the 4th of July last, "on a lone barren isle" in the mid Pacific, a gentleman now in Honolulu composed the following spirited lines, which he entitles "Came too late for the Centennial," and sends them to the PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER:]

In the history of the human race,
A nobler deed you cannot trace,
That what in '76 took place,
A hundred years ago.

'Twas men of mark, with nerve and will,
That wrote on parchment with a quill,
What did with anger monarchs fill,
A hundred years ago.

Some copies of this document;
With all dispatch to France were sent,
Which gave King George's anger vent,
A hundred years ago.

Ship loads of venom quickly came,
Commanding, in King George's name,
That we submit, nor more complain,
A hundred years ago.

The struggle came, as come it must,
Which each man placed in God his trust,
For all they ask'd was fair and just,
A hundred years ago.

Then Freedom's torch and light did fill,
Each Patriot's breast-and does so still-
That blas'd so brighten on Bunker Hill,
A hundred years ago.

The royal troops in hellish pack
Of hired assassins, white and black,
Were worse than bloodhounds on their track,
A hundred years ago.

Immortal fame shall consecrate
The gallant hearts that met their fate,
Braving the royal idiot's hate,
A hundred years ago.

For there are names that will not die,
That did the royal wrath defy,-
They held commission from on high-
A hundred years ago. 

1876: The Coming Centennial 4th of July

The Coming Centennial 4th of July (1876)
Source: Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Honolulu: June 24, 1876.

Honolulu is up and doing in the matter of celebrating the coming anniversary of American Independence. A public meeting was held on the evening go the 17th, of which Dr. J. Scott, U.S. Consul, was Chairman and H.L. Sheldon Secretary, when a Committee on Finance, consisting of Messrs. J.H. Paty, P.C. Jones, Jr., and A.J. Cartwright, and a General Committee of Arrangements of thirteen were appointed. A Committee of ladies was selected by the meeting and invited to participate in the celebration by a "Martha Washington Tea Party," in the evening of the 3rd, in costume of "ye olden time," which committee consists of Mrs. Consul Scott, Mrs. J.S. McGrew, Mrs. J. Mott Smith, Mrs. H.M. Whitney, Mrs. S.B. Dole, Mrs. P.C. Jones, Jr., Mrs. W.F. Allen, and Mrs. S.M. Damon. His Ex. H.A. Peirce, American Minister Resident, was invited to act as President of the day, and President Pratt, of Oahu College, to read the Declaration of Independence.

At the adjourned meeting, held on Thursday evening last, the Committee of Arrangements, through their Chairman, Mr. E.P. Adams, reported that they had divided into the following sub-committees:

Celebration at Kawaiahao- Messrs. H.A.P. Carter, M. Louisson, W.W. Hall.
Salutes and Fireworks- W.F. Allen, E.P. Adams, J.W. Maguire.
Music- W.W. Hall, A. Pratt.
Picnic (head of Emma Street)- R.W. Laine, A.W. Carter, P.C. Jones, Jr., T. Foster, G. West.
Dancing- J.H. Paty, A.W. Carter.
Invitation- E.P. Adams, H.A.P. Carter, W.F. Allen, H.M. Whitney.

Mr. J.H. Paty, on behalf of the Finance Committee, reported that the subscriptions for the celebration amounted to some $2,250, and that the paper would be open for signers until the "day we celebrate." The chairman stated on behalf of the Committee of ladies that they had engaged the large dining room of the Hawaiian Hotel for the "Tea Party," and that they extended a general invitation for all to attend. Special invitations would be sent to their Majesties the King and Queen, the Royal Family and the Queen Dowager Emma. Everybody, it is expected, will appear at the tea-party in old-time costume, as far as practicable. The programme of proceedings on the Fourth has not yet been perfected, but will be published at an early day. We learn, however, that it is proposed to have a salute of thirteen guns at six a.m.; the parade of the "antiques and horribles;" services at Kawaiahao Church; picnic in the afternoon at the Royal School grounds, head of Emma Street, with dancing, sack and foot races, greased pole and greased pig, and a table spread for 1500 persons; another salute at sun-down; and fire-works and a bonfire in the evening.

The meeting of Thursday evening was a most enthusiastic and harmonious one, and was enliven by an eloquent and patriotic speech from the Chairman, Consul Scott, and  singing of national and patriotic songs by the whole company, led by an excellent choir. 

Monday, November 12, 2012

1926: Hawaii Day At Sesqui is Emphasized

Hawaii Day At Sesqui is Emphasized
William R. Castle, Jr., May Make Address for Hawaii
Source: Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu: Saturday, July 3, 1926.

The program for Hawaii Day, July 7, at the sesquicentennial exposition is being emphasized by the exposition officials, and will be participated in by which the military, according to a message received yesterday by Mrs. Emma Ahuena Taylor, premier of the Daughters and Sons of Hawaiian Warriors society, from Miles Cary. 

He stated that the exposition officials, in their cooperation, have suggested features for the program outlined before the Warriors' delegation left Honolulu, and plan to have  a brilliant military procession through the grounds, as a special escort to the Warriors.

As to the frigate Constellation, which the Warriors are to honor with leis and a Hawaiian flag, it lies at the navy yard. It is now planned that the celebration shall start from the exposition grounds, and the islanders, in full regalia of their order, will be accompanied by an honor escort of troops until they reach the Constellation's dock.

The exposition officials have asked that they prepare an appropriately decorated float in which the delegation should proceed from the grounds to the Constellation. Cary, in his message, asked the approval of the premier of the society. A message was forwarded yesterday afternoon direct to Miss Reis, approving the float plan. 

A message was also received from Miles Cary by the Chamber of Commerce, of similar purport. 

It was first hoped that U.S. Senator Hiram Bingham (III), who was born in Hawaii, might make the address. He has stated that he will be unable to be in Philadelphia on Hawaii Day. An effort is being made to have William R. Castle, Jr., who is an official of the State Department, at Washington, to make the address. 

Mrs. Mira Pitman of Boston, who was in Honolulu recently, has advised local friends that she will go to Philadelphia early next week to participate in the ceremony, which is to take place aboard the Constellation. This ceremony is planned to honor the vessel for the conspicuous part she played in the history of Hawaii in 1843 while she was lying in the harbor of Honolulu. 

1865: Speech by H.B.M. Acting Commissionar and Consul-General W.L. Green

Speech of W. L. Green, Esq. (1865)
H.B.M. Acting Commissionar and Consul-General. 
July 4, 1865.
Source: Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Honolulu: July 8, 1865.

Mr.  President, Ladies and Gentlemen:-

I think it is hardly fair to call upon me to say anything upon such an important occasion as this, totally unprepared as I am, after you ahem just heard orations from gentlemen fully prepared, and who have proved themselves so capable of doing ample justice to the subject; but, I feel the more confidence, because I am sure that you are all in that humor here to-day that you will be perfectly satisfied with whatever I say. Nay-should I be so foolish or so stupid as to say something even insulting, I believe that you are in such a mood that you would forgive me. And well you may-this is a great day for you. This is the greatest Fourth of July for you since the Fourth of July, 1776. Your country has just passed through a severe ordeal, but there is no question you have come out of it triumphantly. During those four years of trial, fearful as they were, the United States as a nation has taken an immense stride. You have advanced your position in the scale of nations more during those four years than during the larger part of a century preceding. As a military power, to day you rank, if I am not mistaken, first among the nations of the world. 

As your President has remarked, I am English, and I look upon your position from an English point of view-but these are simply the plain facts, as I have stated them. Why need I enlarge? You all see how matters stand-we all see how matters stand. Your power as a nation is vastly increased-your power for good or for evil. Your greatness and your responsibilities are immensely extended at the same moment.

I will not detain you long, but there is one subject I feel as I ought to touch upon. By the last mail or two we have had rumors of war between England and the United States-allusion has been made here to-day of "a little bill" which Brother Jonathan is said to have presented to John Bull. As the news reaches us in this remote corner of the world, it presents itself something in this wise-Jonathan has made out a bill against John Bull and handing it in says, "there's my bill, if you don't pay I'll lick you." Now I hardly can believe that this is the way it has been done-at least if it is, it is because Brother Jonathan never expected to get paid. The answer that John Bull would probably give to a bill presented in this way would be, -"Gentlemen, you can take it out of my hide," or words to that effect-as the lawyers say-and that is a pretty tough old bull's hide yet; and I think you will admit that John Bull would take a good deal more whipping than Jeff Davis and the Dragon that we have heard about today. But Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen, I do not believe there will be any war at all- and I will give you my reason for that belief. It appears to me that the United States is in that position this 4th of July, A.D., 1865, that she not care a snuff whether the bill is paid or not. She can afford not to care. It is not for me here to enter into the question of the correctness of this bill-I presume if it is a correct one it will be paid, if it is not a correct one it won't be paid. But Mr. President and Gentlemen, if that bill were ten times the amount it is, and if you were ten times more satisfied than you are the bill was correct, if I do not much mistake the temper and spirit of the people of the United States on this day, you are at heart indifferent about the payment of it. It is not a nation that has just achieved the title to be confident of her position amongst the powers of the earth that is anxious at once to mantonly plunge into war.

But after all, when I look around upon this assembly and see the satisfied faces-after hearing all the speeches of this day, and contemplating the events of the last four years as there portrayed, I begin to think that war between England and the United States may not be such a bad thing-who knows? It may do some of us good-it may do you good-or it may do us good-perchance it may do us both good-we may thrash each other into mutual respect- and we may then be better friends than ever we were; this alone would be a good result. Of one thing, I, and an Englishman, should feel, and do feel proud and happy, and that is that the war between England and the United States (if war there is to be) has been deferred-has been delayed till to-day-because now, with your internal dissensions put down-with a splendid army and navy in the highest state of discipline-be tried leaders, taught by experience, and confident from success-there would be some credit in giving you a good whipping! 

1926 Editorial: Hawaii May Become the Throne of Liberty

Hawaii May Become the Throne of Liberty
Source: Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu: Monday, July 4, 1926. Editorial page.

Naturally upon the hour of the Fourth of July celebrations the Declaration of Independence for these states appears in letters of living light. Naturally the men who wrote the immortal document takes a foremost place among the people. Otherwise something of supreme importance has gone from the spirit of America. 

For however he has been traduced and maligned and discredited by those who disbelieve in his clearly stated convictions of democracy Thomas Jefferson is the very soul off that theory of Government which propounds the equality of men. The greatest thinkers of the world are generally agreed that the three supreme figures in American history are Washington, Jefferson and Lincoln. Lincoln gave such supremacy to the two former. His most intimate associate has testified that the only two men for whom the Emancipator was ever heard to express real reverence were Washington and Jefferson.

We have Lincoln's own words to establish such a statement concerning Jefferson. In a letter responding to an invitation to speak at a Jefferson dinner in Boston in 1860 Lincoln wrote:

Soberly, it is no child's play to save the principles of Jefferson from total overthrow in this nation. The principles of Jefferson are the definitions and axioms of free society.

Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. It is beyond doubt, next to the Sermon on the Mount, the greatest statement of the primal truths of human society. The breakers of time wash over it. They recede and its statements shine forth undimmed, revealing the fundamental principles of free society in letters of living light. The universality of Jefferson's mind may have new illumination from the fact that Hawaii was only duly known to exist when he strode the stage of the New World, and yet his theory of government and standards of liberty fit as snugly to these "far-flung" islands that have practically come into existence since his time add they did to New America of his day. In fact the Declaration of Independence which Thomas Jefferson wrote and his wise contemporaries simplified the very essence of Truth applied to human life. 

It may be that this wonderful declaration of man's universal worth and independence will not be read during the present celebration in Honolulu. It may be that it is considered a back number, a statement of truths that are so apparent it is unnecessary to repeat them. Such time will never be until the Millennium. Human rights and privileges must be seen, recognized and fought for now and forever if government of the people, by the people and for the people is to endure.

In our great national prosperity we are prone to forget the foundations on which that general prosperity rests. We are prone to take the easiest way: to let the dead bury its dead. In that way lies National decay and disaster. We are a long way from realizing in our daly life, and in our government the fundamental principles of the Declaration of Independence. Men are not free and equal in fact. That consummation however devoutly wished for is far from consummation. But it is the goal. Don't forget that. Moreover, man was placed on this earth to fight for that goal, to demonstrate its reality. That is what the celebration of the Fourth of July, -Independence Day- means to each and all of us.

Behind all the noise and racket the faithful listener can hear the still small voice of Truth:

I am the Soul of human intelligence. I will establish my throne upon earth.

Amid the noise and shouting let us give a moment to this still small Voice. It will help us to advance along the road toward final liberty and universal freedom which is the final goal of humanity, to which humanity is destined to go. And may it not be that here in Hawaii is to be finally set up the throne of Independence for all the world? 

Thursday, November 8, 2012

1865: British Schooner Yacht Themis: Fourth of July In Honolulu

1865: British Schooner Yacht Themis: Fourth of July In Honolulu 
Source: Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Honolulu: July 22, 1865


Honolulu, July 14, 1865
Capt. Thos. R. Hanham:
MY DEAR SIR: -It is with profound regret I learned that one of your men while firing a salute from your yacht, the Themis, on the ever memorable fourth, the anniversary of American Independence, was seriously wounded, losing the greater portion of one of his hands.

Subsequently, however, I have heard that he has passed all danger, and is now in the process of rapid recovery. Will you allow me to ask the favor that you will express to the man for me, my sincere grief at his loss, and earnest wish for his rapid recovery and future welfare.

My fellow citizens in Honolulu, with their usual promptness and quick sympathetic impulses, are, through a committee, collecting a fund from the Americans, (to which I had the honor to subscribe) for the benefit of the disabled man. 

In this connection also, allow me both for my fellow citizens and myself, to express our high appreciation of the manly and liberal spirit which promoted the rather unusual extent of courtesy, which you manifested in so beautifully and tastefully decorating your yacht for that day, and in firing the national salute.

And in their behalf and for myself, I beg to tender you our heartiest thanks.

With very great respect,
I have the honor to be, Sir,
Your obedient servant,

Honolulu, July 20, 1865
MY DEAR SIR: -For your very kind letter of the 14th accept my warmest thanks. With reference to the liberal donation I have just received, and to which you subscribed, I will only observe it is another and most pleasing exhibition of that kindness and sympathy which I trust will ever subsist between the two great representatives of the Anglo-Saxon race. I only regret that the small amount of feeling bale to be expressed by decorating my yacht and firing a salute in honor of the anniversary of American Independence, should be "rather unusual," for I hold it to be a day of rejoicing to the Englishmen of the present age, second only to that of an American citizen. Had the result of that glorious struggle been other than it was, it would have retarded the cause of Civil and Religious Liberty over the whole world, for which, there is no more earnest advocate than, 
My dear sir,
Your very obedient servant,
Thos. B. Hanham
To His Excellency James McBride, United States Minister, Honolulu. 

ROSEBANK, July  8, 1865-5 P.M.
MY DEAR CAPTAIN HANHAM:- I pray you to accept, for William Burman, disabled in firing a salute on the Fourth of July, my enclosed cheque for $50, and apply the amount in the way that you consider most useful to him.

I am glad to hear that several Americans have preceded me in such a manifestation of sympathy for that British sailor. It pleases me to follow their lead in so good a cause-and it pleases me still more to assure you that I remain,
My dear Capt. Hanham,
Yours ever truly,
Captain Thomas B. Hanham, R.N., owner of the Themis, Cottage of King Kamehameha III, Iolani Palace.


PALACE, Honolulu, July 11, 1865
MY DEAR MR. WYLLIE:-Your most liberal donation to poor Burman has caused very deep and sincere feelings of gratitude from him, which he is just now only able to express through me-but I hope you will allow me, while thanking you in his name, to say how much I appreciate the real kind feeling which has led you in such a way to show your sympathy for what has naturally been a cause of anxiety and sorrow to all concerned. Although I know I need not tell yu that so far as worldly prospects, it will always be my care to provide for, and enable him to feel as little as may be the effects of the accident which has befallen him, still it is none the less grateful to me to know that one whom I have had so much reason to respect and admire during my stay in these islands, feels for and with me in this matter, by so delicate and generous an expression of interest and friendship. 

I am sure you will be glad to learn that Buman is progressing as favorably as possible. He is now allowed to take a little more nourishment and fruit. Again thanking you for this, and all your encouraging kindness and hospitality to me and mine,
I am, my dear Mr. Wylllie
Yours very faithfully,
To His Excellency R.C. Wyllie, &c., &c., &c., Rosebank